Gastro-oesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
Gastro-oesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) is caused by the backflow (reflux) of food and stomach acid into the oesophagus (the tube that connects the mouth to the stomach) from the stomach. This happens when the valve between the stomach and the lower end of the oesophagus is not working properly. The main symptom of GERD is heartburn (a burning feeling in the stomach and chest).
Laparoscopic Nissen Fundiplication is a surgical procedure for GERD that involves wrapping the top part of the stomach (fundus) around the lower end of the oesophagus. The valve between the stomach and the oesophagus is also replaced or repaired.
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