The endometrium is the lining of your uterus (womb). Endometrial ablation is the surgical removal or destruction of this lining. There are different methods of destroying the endometrium including electricity, balloon therapy, laser therapy, microwave or freezing. Dr. Rachel Moss does ablation using balloon therapy which is the safest of the procedures available.
The operation is usually done under anaesthetic, although it is possible to be awake. It is done through the vagina, so there is no need for the abdomen to be cut open. The endometrium will heal leaving scarring, which usually reduces or stops menstrual periods.
In women who have very heavy periods (menorrhagia), an endometrial ablation can be done instead of a hysterectomy as it is an easier procedure than a hysterectomy and recovery is quicker. Endometrial ablation is only performed in women who no longer wish to have children and who have permanent contraception.