Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
There are two main types of IBD; ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. In these conditions, the immune system attacks the lining of the colon causing inflammation and ulceration, bleeding and diarrhoea. In ulcerative colitis this only involves the large intestine, whereas in Crohn’s disease areas within the entire intestine can be involved. Both diseases are chronic (long term) with symptoms coming (relapse) and going (remission) over a number of years.
- abdominal pain
- diarrhoea with bleeding
- infections around the anus (bottom)
- weight loss can occur if the condition has been present for some time.