Auckland Shoulder and Hand Clinic - Mr Shihab Faraj
Private Service, Orthopaedics
Rotator Cuff Surgery Patient Information Before Operation
Orthopaedic and Hand Surgeon
92 Mountain Road, Epsom
09 6389 389
Notes for patients having rotator cuff repair surgery
The rotator cuff is a group of four tendons and the related muscles that stabilize the shoulder joint and allow you to raise and rotate your arm. The shoulder is a ball-and-socket joint with three main bones: the upper arm bone (humerus), the collarbone (clavicle), and the shoulder blade (scapula). These bones are held together by muscles, tendons, ligaments, and the joint capsule. The rotator cuff helps keep the ball of the arm bone seated into the socket of the shoulder blade.
Surgery to repair a torn rotator cuff tendon usually involves:
· Removing loose fragments of tendon, bursa, and other debris from the space in the shoulder where the rotator cuff moves (debridement).
· Making more room for the rotator cuff tendon so it is not pinched or irritated. If necessary, this includes shaving bone or removing bone spurs from the point of the shoulder blade (subacromial smoothing).
· Sewing the torn edges of the supraspinatus tendon together and to the top of the upper arm bone (humerus).
In open shoulder surgery, a surgeon makes an incision [2 in. (5 cm) to 3 in. (7.6 cm)] in the shoulder to open it and view the shoulder directly while repairing it. A smaller incision can be done with a mini-open procedure that allows the surgeon to reach the affected tendon by splitting the deltoid muscle. This method may reduce your chances of problems from a deltoid injury.
Open-shoulder surgery often requires a short stay in the hospital.
Rotator cuff tears can sometimes be repaired with arthroscopic surgery.
Mr Faraj does the surgery using open shoulder surgery method.
What To Expect After Surgery
Discomfort after surgery may decrease with taking pain medicines prescribed by your doctor.
The arm will be protected in a sling for a defined period of time, especially when at risk of additional injury.
Physical therapy after surgery is crucial to a successful recovery. A rehabilitation program may include the following:
· As soon as you awake from anesthesia, you may start doing exercises that flex and extend the elbow, wrist, and hand.
· The day after surgery, if your doctor allows, passive exercises that move your arm may be done about 3 times a day (a machine or physical therapist may help the joint through its range of motion).
· Active exercise (you move your arm yourself) and stretches, with the assistance of a physical therapist, may start 6 to 8 weeks after surgery. This depends on how bad your tear was and how complex the surgical repair was.
· Strengthening exercises, beginning with light weights and progressing to heavier weights, can start a few months after surgery.
Why It Is Done
Surgery to repair a rotator cuff is done when:
· A rotator cuff tear is caused by a sudden injury. In these cases, it's best to do surgery soon after the injury.1
· A complete rotator cuff tear causes severe shoulder weakness.
· The rotator cuff has failed to improve after conservative nonsurgical treatment alone (such as physical therapy).
· You need full shoulder strength and function for your job or activities, or you are young.
· You are in good enough physical condition to recover from surgery and will commit to completing a program of physical rehabilitation.
How Well It Works
Rotator cuff repair surgery for a tear from a sudden injury works best if it is done within a few weeks of the injury. But repairs of very large tears are not always successful.1
Rotator cuff surgery to repair frayed or thinned tendon tissue is less likely to work than surgery to repair an injury to a healthy tendon.2
In addition to the risks of surgery in general, such as blood loss or problems related to anesthesia, complications of rotator cuff surgery may include:
· Infection of the incision or of the shoulder joint.
· Pain or stiffness that won't go away.
· Damage to the deltoid tendon or muscle (if the deltoid is detached, additional surgery may be needed to repair it).
· The need for repeated surgery because tendons do not heal properly or tear again.
· Nerve or blood vessel damage (uncommon).
· Reflex sympathetic dystrophy (rare).
After the surgery
• The following exercises were designed to help you regain the use and movement of
your shoulder following surgery.
• These exercises may begin on day 2 or 3 after surgery.
• You will be instructed on when to begin further postoperative physiotherapy protocols
• Active motion means using your own muscle power to do the movement.
• Passive motion means using your unaffected arm or an assistive device (i.e. pulley
or stick) to move the extremity.
• You should not attempt to raise your arm overhead or lift your arm away from your
side under your own muscle power (active motion) for the first 2-6 weeks following
surgery depending on the type of procedure you have undergone.
• You may stretch your arm overhead with your unaffected arm (passive motion).
• Your sling should be worn between exercises and at night for the first 2 weeks
following surgery to help you remember not to reach up with your arm.
• Sling use may be upwards of 4-6 weeks if you have undergone a tendon/ligament
Home Exercise Program first 6 weeks after surgery
• Perform the exercises slowly and within a pain-free range.
• Use an ice pack for 20-30 minutes immediately following exercises as needed for discomfort.
• A sling must be worn between exercises and at night to protect the repair and/or rest your shoulder as instructed.
Warm Up Exercises
• Remove your sling and perform this exercise every hour for five minutes. • Place the unaffected hand on the back of a chair for stability.
• Bend forward at the waist with the affected arm dangling toward the floor. Move your body (not your arm) in a circular manner (clockwise).
• Repeat in a counter-clockwise direction.
• Do the same exercise only move your body forward and backward allowing the arm to swing like a
- Patient Information after Surgery (DOCX, 145.5 KB)
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This page was last updated at 10:37AM on February 19, 2021.