Problems with the appearance or function of the hand can be the result of injury, birth defects or degenerative conditions.
Nerve Compression Syndromes
A pinched nerve can cause tingling, numbness and pain in your hand or forearm. This may require surgery to make more room for the nerve. The most common form is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.
Surgery to relieve carpal tunnel syndrome involves making a cut (incision) from the middle of the palm of your hand to your wrist. Tissue that is pressing on the nerve is then cut to release the pressure. This operation is usually performed under local anaesthetic (the area being treated is numb but you are awake).
Other nerves may also be compressed within the elbow, forearm, and hand. The treatment for these may be similar.
This condition may cause pain and deformity. The traditional treatment option is surgery. There may be circumstances where a new injected enzymatic treatment may be suitable.
Arthritis is a condition in which a joint and the surrounding tissue become swollen and painful. The symptoms may be relieved by an injection of steroid into the joint. If surgery is necessary, it may involve replacement of the joint with an artificial joint or removal or repair of swollen or damaged tissue. The joint may also be fused, to prevent pain.
Surgery may sometimes be required for hand abnormalities that are present at birth such as too many or too few fingers, webbed fingers or joints that won’t bend.
Damage to tendons, nerves, joints and bones in the hand may require surgical repair. In some cases, tissue may be transferred from a healthy part of your body to the injured site.