Segar House - Rauaroha Outpatient Programme
Public Service, Mental Health
Psychotherapy is a treatment & healing approach which uses talking and communication to improve a person’s mental health, or to improve relationships (such as in a family or a group). Most forms of psychotherapy use only spoken conversation, though some also use other approaches such as the written word, art work or drama. Commonly psychotherapy involves a therapist and client (and in group or family therapy, several group or family members) who discuss their issues in an effort to discover underlying problems and to find constructive solutions.
Therapy may address specific forms of diagnosable mental illness, or everyday problems in relationships or meeting personal goals. Treatment of everyday problems is more often referred to as counselling, but this term is sometimes used interchangeably with "psychotherapy".
There are different theoretical & practical approaches to the conduct of psychotherapy. Some of the main theoretical models are psychodynamic, behavioural, existential, humanistic, & systems theories of individual development & human relationships. Approaches may include individual, group, & family therapy.
Professionals practicing psychotherapy come from a variety of mental health backgrounds (e.g. clinical psychology, psychiatry, nursing, psychotherapy) and will have acquired their psychotherapy skills through a range of different training programmes.
Because sensitive topics are often discussed during psychotherapy, therapists are expected and legally bound to respect client confidentiality.