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Capital & Coast DHB Urology Service

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What is Urology?

Urology is the branch of medicine that looks at diseases of the urinary system in females and the genitourinary system (urinary system plus genital organs) in males. The urinary system is made up of the:

  • kidneys (where urine is formed from material filtered out of the blood)
  • ureters (tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder)
  • bladder (a balloon-like organ that stores urine)
  • sphincter muscles (muscles around the opening of the bladder into the urethra)
  • urethra (the tube that carries urine to the outside of your body).

The male genital organs include the penis, scrotum and prostate gland. The prostate is a walnut-sized gland located between the bladder and the penis and in front of the rectum. The urethra passes through the center of the prostate. A doctor who specialises in disorders of the urinary system and also the male reproductive system is known as an urologist. A doctor who specialises in kidneys and their function is called a nephrologist.


Common Conditions / Procedures / Treatments

  • Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

    This is an enlargement of the prostate gland. In BPH there may be difficulties in passing urine as the enlarged prostate can cause a blockage.… More

  • Bilateral Subcapsular Orchidectomy (Scrotal Orchidectomy)

    This operation involves the removal of the testicles through an incision in the scrotum.… More PDF

  • Bladder Cancer

    What causes bladder cancer is not always clear, but the risk of developing bladder cancer can be increased by smoking, getting older, long term bladder problems and unsafe exposure to aniline dyes which are used in some industries.… More

  • Bladder Neck Incision

    More PDF

  • Circumcision (For adult patients only)

    This is removal of the foreskin from the penis. More PDF

  • Cystoscopy and Bladder Biopsy

    A procedure that allows the doctor to look inside the bladder. More PDF

  • Epididymal Cyst Excision

    An epididymal cyst is a collection of fluid on the epididymis (the sperm collecting tubes).… More PDF

  • Excision of Epididymis (Epididymectomy)

    The epididymis is the sperm collecting tube within the scrotum.… More PDF

  • Haematuria

    This term means blood in the urine and may be the result of inflammation or other problems with your kidneys, blockages in your ureter, infection or other problems with your bladder or problems with your prostate. More

  • Hydrocoele Repair

    A hydrocoele is a collection of fluid in the tissues surrounding the testicle, causing swelling of the scrotum.… More PDF

  • Inguinal Orchidectomy

    A testicle removed through an incision in the groin. More PDF

  • Inguinal Orchidopexy

    A  testicle is surgically secured within the scrotum. More PDF

  • Kidney Stones

    This term refers to stones in the urinary system. They form in the kidneys but can be found anywhere in the urinary system.… More

  • Kidney (Renal) Failure

    Kidney failure occurs when the kidneys cannot remove waste products from the blood or control the amount of water in your body.… More

  • Laparoscopic Nephrectomy

    More PDF

  • Lithotripsy (extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy)

    Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) uses shock waves to break a kidney stone into small pieces that can more easily travel through the urinary tract and pass from the body. More PDF

  • Nephrostomy Tube

    This tube allows urine to drain directly from the kidney.… More PDF

  • Open Nephrectomy

    An operation to remove one of the kidneys via an incision in the side or the abdomen.… More PDF

  • Prostate Cancer

    Prostate cancer typically consists of many very small, tumours within the prostate.… More

  • Prostatitis

    This is the term used to describe inflammation of the prostate gland.… More

  • Percutaneous Stone Removal (PCNL)

    This is the removal or treatment of kidney stones by inserting a tube through the skin and into the kidney, under a general anaesthetic. More PDF

  • Proteinuria

    This term means protein in the urine and may indicate that there is a problem with your kidneys. More

  • Pyeloplasty (Laparoscopic or Open)

    Pyeloplasty is the surgical reconstruction or revision of the renal pelvis to promote urine drainage from the kidney. More PDF

  • Radical Prostatectomy

    This operation involves the surgical removal of the entire prostate, with simultaneous reconnection of the bladder neck to the urethra. More PDF

  • Transurethral Resection of Bladder Tumour (TURBT)

    Under general anaesthetic a telescopic instrument is inserted into the bladder via the urethra.… More PDF

  • Transurethral Resection of the Prostate Gland (TURP)

    An instrument is inserted through the urethra, telescopically shaving away the central part of the prostate to relieve obstruction to the flow of urine from the bladder. More PDF

  • TVT (Tension Free Tape) Sling Insertion

    More PDF

  • Ureteric Stent(s) Insertion

    A stent is a soft, hollow tube, approximately 0.3mm in diameter; it is curled at either end.… More PDF

  • Urethroplasty

    An operation to reconstruct the urethra (the tube which allows you to pass urine). More PDF

  • Ureteroscopy

    A procedure to allow the doctor to look inside the ureter and/or to remove a stone from the ureter. More PDF

  • Urinalysis

    Urinalysis is a test that examines the content of urine for abnormal substances such as protein or signs of infection.… More

  • Urinary Incontinence

    Urinary incontinence or loss of bladder control is the involuntary passage of urine (passing urine without meaning to).… More

  • Urinary Retention

    Urinary retention, or abnormal holding of urine in the bladder, is a common urological problem.… More

  • Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)

    A UTI is caused by an infection in the urinary tract.… More

  • Urodynamic Tests

    Urodynamic tests measure the storage of urine in the bladder and the flow of urine from the bladder through the urethra.… More

  • Vasectomy

    A vasectomy is a minor surgical procedure carried out to make a man sterile (he is no longer able to father a child).… More

Contact Details

General Enquiries: (04) 385 5999
Fax: (04) 385 5856

Emergency Department: Open 24 hours / 7 days, Phone (04) 385 5999

Wellington Hospital
Riddiford Street
Wellington 6021

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Street Address

Wellington Hospital
Riddiford Street
Wellington 6021

Postal Address

Wellington Hospital
Private Bag 7902
Wellington South

This page was last updated at 8:45AM on April 21, 2020. This information is reviewed and edited by Capital & Coast DHB Urology Service.