Northland DHB Urology
What is Urology?
Urology is the branch of medicine that looks at diseases of the urinary system in females and the genitourinary system (urinary system plus genital organs) in males.
The urinary system is made up of the:
- kidneys (where urine is formed from material filtered out of the blood)
- ureters (tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder)
- bladder (a balloon-like organ that stores urine)
- sphincter muscles (muscles around the opening of the bladder into the urethra)
- urethra (the tube that carries urine to the outside of your body).
The male genital organs include the penis, scrotum and prostate gland. The prostate is a walnut-sized gland located between the bladder and the penis and in front of the rectum. The urethra passes through the center of the prostate.
A doctor who specialises in disorders of the urinary system and also the male reproductive system is known as an urologist. A doctor who specialises in kidneys and their function is called a nephrologist.
Common Conditions / Procedures / Treatments
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
This is an enlargement of the prostate gland. In BPH there may be difficulties in passing urine as the enlarged prostate can cause a blockage.… More
What causes bladder cancer is not always clear, but the risk of developing bladder cancer can be increased by smoking, getting older, long term bladder problems and unsafe exposure to aniline dyes which are used in some industries.… More
This term means blood in the urine and may be the result of inflammation or other problems with your kidneys, blockages in your ureter, infection or other problems with your bladder or problems with your prostate. More
Kidney (Renal) Failure
Kidney failure occurs when the kidneys cannot remove waste products from the blood or control the amount of water in your body.… More
This term refers to stones in the urinary system. They form in the kidneys but can be found anywhere in the urinary system.… More
This is the term used to describe inflammation of the prostate gland.… More
Prostate cancer typically consists of many very small, tumours within the prostate.… More
This term means protein in the urine and may indicate that there is a problem with your kidneys. More
Urinalysis is a test that examines the content of urine for abnormal substances such as protein or signs of infection.… More
Urinary incontinence or loss of bladder control is the involuntary passage of urine (passing urine without meaning to).… More
Urinary retention, or abnormal holding of urine in the bladder, is a common urological problem.… More
Urodynamic tests measure the storage of urine in the bladder and the flow of urine from the bladder through the urethra.… More
Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)
A UTI is caused by an infection in the urinary tract.… More
- Generic Urological Surgical Potential Complications (PDF, 34.4 KB)
- Going Home with a Nephrostomy Tube (PDF, 374.6 KB)
- Managing Your Urethral Catheter at Home (PDF, 676.2 KB)
- Self-catheterisation (Female) (PDF, 796.7 KB)
- Self-catheterisation (Male) (PDF, 597 KB)
- What is an Augmentation Cystoplasty? (PDF, 391.4 KB)
- What is a Circumcision? (PDF, 191.7 KB)
- What is a Cystectomy and Ileal Conduit? (PDF, 779.9 KB)
- What is a Cystoscopy? (PDF, 219.7 KB)
- What is a Kidney Embolisation? (PDF, 347.2 KB)
- What is a Laparoscopic Nephrectomy? (PDF, 436.8 KB)
- What is a Nephrectomy? (PDF, 430.7 KB)
- What is an Open Nephrolithotomy? (PDF, 432.1 KB)
- What is an Orchidectomy? (PDF, 316.6 KB)
- What is a PCNL? (PDF, 340.2 KB)
- What is a Pyeloplasty? (PDF, 367.3 KB)
(09) 430 4100
Fax (09) 430 4115 during working hours; (09) 430 4132 after hours
Emergency Department: Open 24 hours / 7 days, Phone (09) 430 4100
2 Hospital Road
2 Hospital Road
Private Bag 9742
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This page was last updated at 10:32AM on November 23, 2016. This information is reviewed and edited by Northland DHB Urology.